CIO Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing CIO strategy and related software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting WhatIs.com or using the search box below.

  • T

    cyber threat hunter (cybersecurity threat analyst)

    A cyber threat hunter, also called a cybersecurity threat analyst, proactively identifies security incidents that may go undetected by automated security tools such as malware detectors and firewalls.

  • think tank

    A think tank is an organization that gathers a group of interdisciplinary scholars to perform research around particular policies, issues or ideas.

  • thought leader (thought leadership)

    A thought leader is a person who or organization that is widely recognized as an expert in a given field and whose opinions are in high demand. Thought leaders use their influence to change their fields, to make money and to add value to the people and organizations that seek their expertise.

  • Total Quality Management (TQM)

    Total Quality Management is a management framework based on the belief that an organization can build long-term success by having all its members, from low-level workers to its highest ranking executives, focus on quality improvement and, thus, delivering customer satisfaction.

  • transaction

    In computer programming, a transaction usually means a sequence of information exchange and related work (such as database updating) that is treated as a unit for the purposes of satisfying a request and for ensuring database integrity.

  • transactional leadership

    Transactional leadership is a leadership style where the executive relies on rewards and punishments to achieve optimal job performance from his or her subordinates.

  • transfer learning

    Transfer learning is the application of knowledge gained from completing one task to help solve a different, but related, problem.

  • transformational leadership

    Transformational leadership is a management philosophy that encourages and inspires employees to innovate and develop new ways to grow and improve the path to a company's future success.

  • tweetchat

    A tweetchat, also called a tweet jam, is a discussion carried out on Twitter.

  • two-speed IT

    Two-speed IT is the concept that strategic planning for an IT department should include a fast track that allows some projects to be implemented quickly.

  • U

    unsourcing

    Unsourcing is the transfer of an organization's customer service and support functions from paid employees to unpaid or low-paid online communities.

  • user-generated content (UGC)

    User-generated content (UGC) is the words and photos that unpaid contributors create and provide to publications, particularly Web properties.

  • UX (user experience)

    User experience (UX) encompasses all aspects of an end user's interaction with and attitude toward a given IT system or services, including the interface, graphics and design.

  • V

    value chain

    A value chain is a concept describing the full chain of a business's activities in the creation of a product or service -- from the initial reception of materials all the way through its delivery to market, and everything in between.

  • value innovation

    Value innovation is the implementation of upgrades or new technologies designed to help a company differentiate its products or services while lowering costs.

  • value proposition

    A value proposition is a statement that clearly identifies the benefits a company's products and services will deliver to its customers.

  • value-sensitive design (VSD)

    Value-sensitive design (VSD) is a concept and methodology that stresses the importance of incorporating human values in the design of technology throughout the design process.

  • vendor management office (VMO)

    A vendor management office (VMO) is an internal unit within an enterprise that is charged with evaluating third-party providers of goods and services, supervising day-to-day interactions and managing longer-term relationships.

  • vendor risk management (VRM)

    Vendor risk management (VRM) is a comprehensive plan for identifying and decreasing potential business uncertainties and legal liabilities regarding the hiring of 3rd party vendors for IT products and services.

  • Vertical SaaS (Software as a Service)

    Vertical SaaS describes a type of Software as a Service cloud computing solution created for a specific industry.

  • video resume

    A video resume is a brief account of a job applicant's professional experience, qualifications and interests, submitted to a prospective employer in video form. (Continued...)

  • Vine (Vine app)

    Vine is a free mobile application that enables users to record and share an unlimited number of short, looping video clips with a maximum length of six seconds.

  • W

    Wizard of Oz prototyping

    Wizard of Oz prototyping is a tactic used by developers to give the appearance that an application or program has been completely automated when, in fact, it hasn't.

  • workflow

    Workflow is the series of activities that are necessary to complete a task.

  • X

    XACML (Extensible Access Control Markup Language)

    XACML (Extensible Access Control Markup Language) is an open standard XML-based language designed to express security policies and access rights to information for Web services, digital rights management (DRM), and enterprise security applications.

  • Y

    Yammer

    Yammer is a private microblogging and collaboration platform for enterprise social networking. Unlike public social media platforms such as Twitter,Yammer only allows members to connect with other members who belong to the same email domain.

  • YouTube

    YouTube is a free video-hosting website that allows members to store and serve video content.

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