CIO Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing CIO strategy and related software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting WhatIs.com or using the search box below.

  • S

    strategic management

    Strategic management is the continuous planning, monitoring, analysis and assessment of all that is necessary for an organization to meet its goals and objectives.

  • strategic planning

    Strategic planning is the process executives undertake in order to make thoughtful decisions about their organization’s mission, values and goals, and properly allocate resources to fulfill those directives.

  • sunk cost (SC)

    A sunk cost is money that has already been spent and cannot be recovered. Logic dictates that because sunk costs will not change -- no matter what actions are taken -- they should not play a role in decision-making. Emotionally, however, the more someone invests time, effort and money on something, the harder it becomes to leave it and move on.

  • Superdome

    Superdome is a high-end 64-bit, Hewlett-Packard (HP) PA-8600 processor-based UNIX server designed for e-commerce customers using very large databases.

  • sustainability risk management (SRM)

    Sustainability risk management (SRM) is a business strategy that aligns profit goals with a company's environmental policies.

  • SWIFT (Society for the Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication)

    Founded in Brussels in 1973, the Society for the Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT) is a co-operative organization dedicated to the promotion and development of standardized global interactivity for financial transactions.

  • SWOT analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats analysis)

    SWOT analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats analysis) is a framework for identifying and analyzing the internal and external factors that can have an impact on the viability of a project, product, place or person.

  • synthetic data

    Synthetic data is information that's artificially manufactured rather than generated by real-world events.

  • systems of engagement

    Systems of engagement are decentralized IT components that incorporate communication technologies such as social media to encourage and enable peer interaction.

  • systems thinking

    Systems thinking is a holistic approach to analysis that focuses on the way that a system's constituent parts interrelate and how systems work over time and within the context of larger systems.

  • T

    technology ethics

    Technology ethics (tech ethics) is a field of study that seeks to understand and resolve moral issues that surround the development and practical application of mechanical and electronic technology.

  • think tank

    A think tank is an organization that gathers a group of interdisciplinary scholars to perform research around particular policies, issues or ideas.

  • thought leader (thought leadership)

    A thought leader is a person who or organization that is widely recognized as an expert in a given field and whose opinions are in high demand. Thought leaders use their influence to change their fields, to make money and to add value to the people and organizations that seek their expertise.

  • threat hunter (cybersecurity threat analyst)

    A threat hunter, also called a cybersecurity threat analyst, is a security professional or managed service provider (MSP) that proactively uses manual or machine-assisted techniques to detect security incidents that may elude the grasp of automated systems.

  • Tibco

    Tibco makes integration server software for enterprises.

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