CIO Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing CIO strategy and related software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting WhatIs.com or using the search box below.

  • S

    sharing economy

    The sharing economy, also known as collaborative consumption or peer-to-peer-based sharing, is a concept that highlights the ability -- and perhaps the preference -- of individuals to rent or borrow goods rather than buy and own them.

  • shopping cart

    On a Web site that sells products or services online, the shopping cart is a common metaphor (from the original grocery store shopping cart) for the catalog or other pages where a user reads and makes selections.

  • Silicon Valley

    Silicon Valley is home to some of the world's largest technology corporations and thousands of technology-related startup companies.

  • SIPOC diagram (suppliers, inputs, process, outputs, customers)

    SIPOC (suppliers, inputs, process, outputs, customers) is a visual tool for documenting a business process from beginning to end.

  • situational leadership

    Situational leadership is based on the belief that there is no single way to direct people; successful leaders will adapt the way they lead to the needs and abilities of their employees.

  • Six Sigma

    Six Sigma is an approach to data-driven management that seeks to improve quality by measuring how many defects there are in a process and systematically eliminating them until there are as close to zero defects as possible.

  • SKIL Bill (Securing Knowledge, Innovation and Leadership Act)

    The Securing Knowledge, Innovation and Leadership Act, also called the SKIL Bill, was introduced in 2006 by the United States (U.S.) Congress with the intent of encouraging the immigration of people with certain professional skills into the U.S... (Continued)

  • SkunkWorks project (Skunk Works)

    A SkunkWorks project (also known as Skunk Works) is an innovative undertaking, involving a small group of people, that is outside the normal research and development channels within an organization.

  • SMAC (social, mobile, analytics and cloud)

    SMAC (social, mobile, analytics and cloud) is the concept that the convergence of four technologies is currently driving business innovation.

  • smart machines

    A smart machine is a device embedded with machine-to-machine (M2M) and/or cognitive computing technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning or deep learning, all of which it uses to reason, problem-solve, make decisions and even, ultimately, take action.

  • smart process applications (smart process apps)

    A smart process application is software that is designed to support an organization's business process management (BPM) efforts in a collaborative manner.

  • Social media management software (SMMS)

    Social media management software (SMMS) is a tool that allows organizations to monitor and analyze online conversations from different communication channels.

  • social network

    A social network, in technology parlance, is a website or other application where people, often of similar interests, come together to communicate with each other and share information including photos, videos, audio and written messages.

  • social shopping

    Social shopping is a type of e-commerce that seeks to involve people with similar tastes in an online shopping experience.

  • soft skills

    A soft skill is a personal attribute that supports situational awareness and enhances an individual's ability to get a job done. The term soft skills is often used as a synonym for people skills or emotional intelligence.

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