CIO Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing CIO strategy and related software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting WhatIs.com or using the search box below.

  • L

    lean management

    Lean management is an approach to managing an organization that supports the concept of continuous improvement, a long-term approach to work that systematically seeks to achieve small, incremental changes in processes in order to improve efficiency and quality.

  • Lean Six Sigma

    Lean Six Sigma is a data-driven approach to improving efficiency, customer satisfaction and profits.

  • lean startup

    Lean startup is an approach to building new businesses based on the belief that entrepreneurs must investigate, experiment, test and iterate as they develop products.

  • Learning Guide: ROI

    Discover more about return on investment, including how to calculate ROI, in this learning guide.

  • learning management system (LMS)

    A learning management system (LMS) is a software application or Web-based technology used to plan, implement, and assess a specific learning process.

  • Learning Path: E-Business

    E-BUSINESS... e-commerce - e-business - B2B - enterprise - entrepreneur - e-tailing - e-procurement - B2G - m-commerce - e-brokerage - clicks and mortar - value chain - first mover - return on investment (ROI) - initial public offering (IPO)- public key infrastructure (PKI) E-PAYMENT... eCash - electronic funds transfer - eCheck - wallet - micropayment - electronic bill presentment and payment(EBPP) - Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act - authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) E-BUSINESS MANAGEMENT... business intelligence (BI) - data warehouse - data mining - Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) - online analytical processing (OLAP) - enterprise resource planning (ERP) - enterprise relationship management (ERM) - enterprise resource management - enterprise risk management - customer relationship management (CRM) ADVERTISING AND SALES...brand and branding - advertising terminology on the Internet - sales automation software - permission marketing - opt-in e-mail - e-mail rage - syndication - Information and Content Exchange (ICE) - digital rights management - personalization - spyware - adware WEB SITE HOSTING... hosting - Web site hosting - virtual hosting - non-virtual hosting - shared hosting - dedicated server - colocation - reseller hosting - e-commerce hosting - BUSINESS-RELATED XML... BizTalk - ebXML - Small Business Extensible Markup Language (SMBXML) - OASIS APPLICATION SERVICE PROVIDERS... application service provider (ASP) - outsourcing - business service provider - management service provider - storage service provider - ASPIC View other topics for self-study by visiting our Guideto the Learning Paths.

  • LOB (line-of-business)

    An LOB (line-of-business) application is one of the set of critical computer applications that are vital to running an enterprise, such as accounting, supply chain management, and resource planning applications.

  • localization

    Localization (sometimes shortened to "L10n") is the process of adapting a product or service to a particular language, culture and desired local "look-and-feel." The process of first enabling a product to be localized and then localizing it for different national audiences is sometimes known as product globalization.

  • M

    managerial grid model (The Blake and Mouton Managerial Grid model)

    The managerial grid model was developed by Robert R. Blake and Jane S. Mouton in the 1960s to help companies and individuals analyze and improve management styles.

  • Master and Commander: Do you speak business?

    A manager is responsible for the application and performance of knowledge.

  • mbox

    The most common format for storing e-mail messages on a hard drive is the mbox format, in which all the messages for each mailbox are stored as a single, long, text file.

  • Merchant Customer Exchange (MCX) CurrentC

    Merchant Customer Exchange (MCX) CurrentC is a mobile payments application backed by some of the nation's largest retailers including Target, Walmart, CVS, Best Buy and Rite Aid, as well as banks like Capital One.

  • metacoin platform

    Metacoin platform is the information technology infrastructure that enables digital currency and digital asset transactions.

  • metered services (pay-per-use)

    Metered services (also called pay-per-use) is any type of payment structure in which a customer has access to potentially unlimited resources but only pays for what they actually use.

  • Microsoft Dynamics AX (Microsoft Axapta)

    Microsoft Dynamics AX is a multi-language, multi-currency, industry-specific global enterprise resource planning (ERP) software product.

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