Holistic (holistic technology) is an approach to IT management that is concerned with viewing and treating a complex computer system as a single entity.
Just as a holistic approach to medicine treats each patient as an integrated system and considers how the mind affects the body, a holistic approach to technology focuses on the interdependence of system components.
Holistic approaches include:
Systems thinking - a holistic approach to analysis that focuses on the way that a system's constituent parts interrelate, how systems work over time and how they work within the context of even larger systems.
Supply chain sustainability - a holistic perspective of supply chain processes and technologies that go beyond the focus of delivery, inventory and traditional views of cost.
Enterprise risk management - a holistic approach to planning, organizing, leading, and controlling an organization's activities in order to minimize the effects of risk on capital and earnings.