A lack of understanding among the ranks of IT about who gets access to what information is putting many large enterprises
Experts say mapping out a company's intellectual property and the relationships between the people who are sanctioned to access it is a long and laborious process -- and not necessarily foolproof.
"I've physically been on site in Sicily and Singapore, trying to figure out what their IP [intellectual property]and data streams look like," said Bowers, who's now managing director of the consultancy Security Constructs LLC. "They don't know where the intellectual property is. You've got these big global enterprises that don't have a clue. They've got an idea generally. 'We know in R&D we've got IP, but we don't know what kind. ... We know that's where the information is being created and stored, but we don't know the type and the size of it.'"
Faizel Lakhani, vice president of marketing at Reconnex Inc., a Mountain View, Calif., vendor of data loss prevention technology, said data is often unstructured and passes freely in electronic communication until IT is able to control it with data loss prevention technologies. But since most data loss prevention technologies rely on IT to set the policies and controls for access and transmission of sensitive data, that lack of knowledge can be a problem.
Reconnex's latest product should help overcome this knowledge gap. Version 7.0 of the Reconnex iGuard DLP appliance includes a new content analytics engine that sniffs data as it moves through an enterprise's systems. It determines what information is sensitive and watches how that information is generated and shared within the company, then develops policies for who should be allowed to access it.
Lakhani said the appliance needs to know only some very basic information and then it can crawl a company's systems to discover sensitive information and understand who is accessing and communicating with it.
Eric Ouellet, research vice president at Stamford, Conn., consultancy Gartner Inc., said, "It will take a look at data sent over the wire and it can analyze that over real time. It's not a self-starting system. You have the ability to fine-tune the rule set so that it can find stuff that might not be apparent just from a rule definition."
Ouellet said many data loss prevention systems rely on rules for identifying easily recognized forms of data, such as Social Security and credit card numbers.
"These are only two rules," Ouellet said. "There are a whole lot of things you would miss. [Reconnex has] got this very, very large archive, this forensics-based database with all this information. They're mining that so you can find this information and identify this information more easily."
Bowers said this type of tool changes the way information security interacts with business stakeholders. In meetings, information security professionals will no longer ask the business to describe intellectual property. Now information security can tell business users what the technology has detected as intellectual property and identify who is accessing and using that information.
"You're still doing content monitoring, but you can provide a business benefit back to the business by telling them what kind of content, intellectual property and private information is in the system and say to them, 'Here's what's going out and do we need to change business processes [to protect this information].'"
Version 7.0 of Reconnex iGuard DLP is now available. The starting price is $35,000.
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