Definition

spoliation

What is spoliation?

Spoliation, in a legal context, is any act that renders potential evidence invalid, either intentionally or through negligence. In the case of a document, for example, destroying, altering or hiding it would all be considered spoliation if the document were relevant to current litigation.

Spoliation is illegal in many countries, including the United States, and is punishable by fine and/or incarceration. Furthermore, the legal system has established through case law that when spoliation has occurred it may be inferred that the evidence was unfavorable to the responsible party. As a result, that inference may be factored into the decision of the case.

Spoliation comes from the Latin spoliare, meaning to plunder. The use of the word in its current legal context dates back to a Roman rule of conduct, Omnia praesumuntur contra spoliatorem, which translates, roughly, as "Let everything be presumed against the spoiler of evidence."

Learn More About IT:
> Angela Scafuri suggests you 'Review e-discovery to reduce spoilation risk.'

> Chapter four of Ralph C. Losey's book 'E-Discovery' covers spoliation and sanctions.

Contributor(s): Stephen J. Bigelow
This was last updated in May 2009
Posted by: Margaret Rouse

Email Alerts

Register now to receive SearchCIO.com-related news, tips and more, delivered to your inbox.
By submitting you agree to receive email from TechTarget and its partners. If you reside outside of the United States, you consent to having your personal data transferred to and processed in the United States. Privacy

More News and Tutorials

Do you have something to add to this definition? Let us know.

Send your comments to techterms@whatis.com

There are Comments. Add yours.

 
TIP: Want to include a code block in your comment? Use <pre> or <code> tags around the desired text. Ex: <code>insert code</code>

REGISTER or login:

Forgot Password?
By submitting you agree to receive email from TechTarget and its partners. If you reside outside of the United States, you consent to having your personal data transferred to and processed in the United States. Privacy
Sort by: OldestNewest

Forgot Password?

No problem! Submit your e-mail address below. We'll send you an email containing your password.

Your password has been sent to: